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变化的中东部落与国家 历史地理类;西亚(西南亚);国际政治学;文集

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[以]乌兹·拉比(Uzi Rabi) 王方 韩志斌 王铁铮   社会科学文献出版社  2020-07 出版
ISBN:978-7-5201-6924-0
所属专题: 国别区域

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本书是乌兹·拉比教授主编的最新著作,也是中东地区乃至全球著名的中东问题研究机构——特拉维夫大学摩西·达扬中东与非洲研究中心的研究人员通力撰写的体系性研究中东国家部落问题的力作。书中介绍了部落问题的研究方法,并且选取九个主要国家为研究个案予以深入分析。该书采用该研究中心已故学者科斯蒂纳教授开创的社会学与历史学相结合的研究方法,从部落演进的脉络审视中东国家的诸多问题,具有很高的学术价值。
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  • 译丛总序
  • 致谢
  • 关于作者
  • 序 回归部落:约瑟夫·科斯蒂纳的现代中东研究方法,学生、同事与朋友的追思
  • 导言
  • 第一章 从阿卜杜拉一世到阿卜杜拉二世:约旦的君主制、部落与谢赫家族(1920~2012)
    1. 理论背景:谢赫与政府
    2. 米斯考·帕夏·法耶兹,谢里夫·阿卜杜拉·本·侯赛因与外约旦酋长国的建立
    3. 法耶兹家族与保卫独立的约旦:阿基夫·法耶兹与国王侯赛因
    4. 费萨尔·法耶兹与阿卜杜拉二世国王
    5. 结论:今日约旦的国家、家族和部落
  • 第二章 卡塔尔的部落与恩庇网络
    1. 前石油时代
    2. 部落认同和向石油时代转变
    3. 国家中央集权的努力
    4. 替代性的庇护网络
    5. 阿拉伯起义
    6. 结论
  • 第三章 双陆棋还是国际象棋?阿拉伯联合酋长国的部落主义与部落领导The Political Culture of Leadership in the United Arab Emirates (New York:Palgrave Macmillan,2007).">
    1. 部落组织
    2. 部落主义的变化
    3. 今日阿联酋的部落主义
    4. 结论
  • 第四章 阿曼苏丹国:部落主义和国家统一之间
    1. 阿曼的部落结构
    2. 伊巴德教派政治遗产
    3. 赛义德·本·泰穆尔的统治:平衡部落、宗教与国家
    4. 卡布斯政权:平衡苏丹制传统和伊巴德原则
    5. 阿曼的外交政策:实用主义和温和性
    6. “阿拉伯之春”中的苏丹国与阿曼部落
  • 第五章 沙特家族:对部落主义的矛盾态度
    1. 沙特家族与部落组织
    2. 逐渐削弱的部落酋长的政治地位
    3. 穿越部落主义的统治
    4. 保护和培育文化——部落规范与传统
    5. 强化部落认同与国民对话
    6. 结论:部落认同是对政权的威胁
  • 第六章 也门:部落、国家和瓦解
    1. 也门的瓦解
    2. 也门的部落性质
    3. 也门部落与国家的较量:背景
    4. 也门共和国中的部落
    5. 部落对抗也门共和国
    6. 也门觉醒和分裂对部落作用的影响
  • 第七章 当代叙利亚的贝都因部落:对权威、管理和控制的另一种视角
    1. 过去和现在的贝都因部落情况
    2. 叙利亚土地所有权和使用权的基础
    3. 近期历史上的安抚、拒绝与复兴(1900~1970年)
    4. 独立国家及其与贝都因部落的关系
    5. 国家努力改变贝都因人土地的使用
    6. 哈菲兹·阿萨德、纠正运动和贝都因部落
    7. 哈马起义和哈迪迪-阿拉维派的联盟
    8. 国际发展、复兴党的说辞和贝都因现实
    9. 结论
  • 第八章 伊拉克的部落:国家形成中不可忽视的因素
    1. 基本信息
    2. 奥斯曼时期的伊拉克(1831~1914年)
    3. 英国委任统治下的国家形成(1921~1932年)
    4. 君主制时期(1932~1958年)
    5. 伊拉克共和国:概览(1958~2003年)
    6. 2003年4月之后:后萨达姆时期的伊拉克
    7. 结论
  • 第九章 巴林:酋长国体系对抗“阿拉伯之春”的血腥堡垒
    1. 海上酋长国的兴起,1766~1923年
    2. 新生的酋长国与不情愿的帝国保护国,1923~1971年
    3. 沙特影响下的有争议的埃米尔国,1971~2011年
    4. 海湾地区“阿拉伯之春”的爆发与消亡
    5. 结论:永恒的酋长国
  • 第十章 部落与现代国家:另一种研究方法
    1. 个人自助(Individual self-help)
    2. 集体自助(Collective self-help)
    3. 等级权力(Hierarchical power)
  • 第十一章 部落社会中的国家:对K.H.纳吉布海湾研究的思考
    1. 政治部落主义的社会形态
    2. 文化特征:与民族主义失配
    3. 什么样的凝聚力?
  • 索引
  • 译后记
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