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美国社区与居住分异 专著;社会学;应用社会学;社区研究;美国 VIP

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[美]迈克尔·J. 怀特(Michael J. White) 王晓楠 傅晓莲   社会科学文献出版社  2017-09 出版
ISBN:978-7-5097-9571-2
所属专题: 国别区域

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图书简介 目录 参考文献 音频 视频
书中迈克尔·J.怀特测量了21个具有代表性的大都市区中将近6000个人口普查街区(近乎于社区)。在由大量不同社区组成的大都市复杂拼图中,怀特发现了其中的主要模式并对这些模式进行了基于时间跨度的演变轨迹追踪,为我们呈现了大量信息,例如,虽然种族隔离程度已有所下降,但社会经济地位方面的隔离却延续下来;人口扩散怎样对社区构成产生持续影响;等等。怀特关于城市居住系统的评估同样阐明了塑造现代城市生活的社会力量,以及困扰其评估的棘手的政策问题。
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  • 文前辅文
  • 拉塞尔·塞奇基金会
  • 1980年美国人口普查研究国家委员会成员
  • 前言
  • 致谢
  • 序言(中文版)
  • 表目录
  • 图目录
  • 第一章 社区与城市社会
    1. 社区和社群的概念
    2. 社区规模和边界
    3. 作为政策关注焦点的社区
    4. 大都市的背景
    5. 研究设计
    6. 社区统计和统计社区
    7. 大都市区
  • 第二章 20世纪80年代美国社区发展概况
    1. 单变量结果:标准社区和非标准社区
    2. 小结
  • 第三章 社区社会维度
    1. 社区和社群概况
    2. 因子分析法
    3. 基础分析
    4. 从因子分析到社区概况
    5. 双变量检验
    6. 小结
  • 第四章 社区多样性与隔离
    1. 隔离程度与多样性
    2. 1980年的隔离程度
    3. 关于贫穷和家户类型的详细分析
    4. 使用一个更加全面的隔离指标
    5. 结论:隔离程度“阶梯”
  • 第五章 大都市的空间组织
    1. 居住结构模型
    2. 社会特征图示
    3. 特征的辐射状分布
    4. 大都市的等高线图
    5. 简单化与复杂化
    6. 结论:城市模型与空间组织
  • 第六章 动态大都市中的社区变化
    1. 大都市转型
    2. 变化中的隔离模式
    3. 变化中的空间组织
    4. 社区演变
    5. 印第安纳波利斯的四个社区
    6. 五千个社区:十年变化
    7. 结论
  • 第七章 演变中的大都市结构
    1. 人口扩散
    2. 大都市系统
    3. 居住分异概览
    4. 20世纪末大都市区的新兴形式
    5. 结论
  • 第八章 社区、大都市演变和公共政策
    1. 国家趋势
    2. 社区依附和认同
    3. 政策背景
    4. 社区和大都市区
  • 附录A 1980年人口普查中小区域数据的质量
    1. 方法
    2. 结果
    3. 结论
  • 附录B 地理概念和数据来源
    1. 人口普查地理概念
    2. 人口普查街区:理想与现实
    3. 人口普查街区的标准
    4. 实践中的人口普查街区
    5. 对当地普查街区委员会的调查
    6. 小区域人口普查数据来源
  • 人名索引
  • 主题索引
  • 后记
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