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自由主义被遗忘的历史 哲学类;专著;思想史

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[美]海伦娜·罗森布拉特(Helena Rosenblatt) 徐曦白   社会科学文献出版社  2020-10 出版
ISBN:978-7-5201-6569-3
关键词: 自由 自由主义 道德

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海伦娜·罗森布拉特通过梳理“自由”和“自由主义”从古罗马时期到当代的词义演变,以及历史上围绕这一词义展开的各式论战,破除了这一流传甚广的错误认识。在她看来,自由主义者起初在内心里都是道德主义者,他们从不抛开公民义务空谈个人权利。自由主义被人为地塑造成了一种只关注个人自由的美国意识形态是冷战和美国全球霸权扩张的产物。这本著作为重新思考自由的价值,以及对自由、民主展开更加富有建设性的讨论奠定了良好的基础。
[展开]
  • 文前辅文
  • 致谢
  • 绪论
  • 第一章 自由的含义——从西塞罗到拉法耶特
    1. 共和时期的起源:一种道德和公民理想
    2. 中世纪的重新阐述:慷慨的基督教化
    3. 文艺复兴时期的博雅
    4. 给予的政治
    5. 新教带来的发展
    6. 美国例外论与自由传统
    7. 托马斯·霍布斯和约翰·洛克论慷慨
    8. 启蒙运动时期的慷慨
    9. 启蒙运动带来的转变
    10. 自由主义神学和自由派基督教
    11. “慷慨”理念的政治化
    12. 从自由特许状到自由宪法
    13. 美国——全世界最自由的国度
  • 第二章 法国大革命与自由主义的起源,1789~1830
    1. 贡斯当与斯塔尔夫人的自由原则
    2. 拿破仑粉墨登场
    3. 自由党与自由主义的诞生
    4. 自由主义的理论化
    5. 自由主义遭遇反动
    6. 自由暴动主义
    7. 自由主义的经济原则
    8. 自由主义的种种排斥
  • 第三章 自由主义、民主和社会问题的浮现,1830~1848
    1. 自由派政府转趋保守
    2. 自由派论民主
    3. 再论自由派与暴动
    4. 自由派面对“社会问题”
    5. 自由放任主义和自由主义
    6. 政府的各项必要职能
    7. 自由派论殖民地
    8. 自由主义与宗教的斗争
    9. 社会主义对自由派宗教的批判
  • 第四章 品格问题
    1. 1848年之乱
    2. 自由派大战社会主义
    3. 溃败与反动
    4. 庇护九世
    5. 自私的问题
    6. 英国自由党的崛起
    7. 自由放任vs教化
    8. 家庭的作用
    9. 人道宗教
  • 第五章 恺撒主义与自由民主:拿破仑三世、林肯、格莱斯顿和俾斯麦
    1. 拿破仑三世与恺撒主义
    2. 亚伯拉罕·林肯和他遍布世界的自由派友人
    3. 自由共和党
    4. 格莱斯顿:自由主义的偶像
    5. 俾斯麦:自由主义的掘墓人
  • 第六章 争取教育世俗化的斗争
    1. 法国人怎么了?
    2. 自由的公立教育体系
    3. 全国自由联盟、自由思想与自由恋爱
    4. 教皇的反击战
  • 第七章 两种自由主义——旧与新
    1. 重新构想国家的角色
    2. 自由社会主义
    3. 道德的生活方式
    4. 自由主义优生学
    5. 19世纪末的女权主义和自由主义
  • 第八章 自由主义成为美国的理念
    1. 自由的帝国
    2. 盎格鲁-撒克逊神话的种族化
    3. 从盎格鲁-撒克逊帝国到英美自由帝国
    4. 政府干预的问题
  • 后记
  • 索引
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