章节

替代效应还是收入效应?

摘要

随着我国人口老龄化和高龄化程度的加深,家庭老年照料责任与女性参与劳动之间的矛盾日益突出。本文运用中国营养与健康调查2009年数据和工具变量分析方法,实证检验了承担家庭老年照料责任对女性劳动参与率的影响,以期为公共政策的制定提供科学依据。结果表明老年照料对女性劳动参与存在替代效应,造成了对就业的负面影响。为父母提供照料帮助的女性劳动参与率下降了23.8%,其中与父母公婆同住的女性,照料责任使劳动参与率下降了49.08%,农村女性的照料活动使其劳动参与率下降了28.1%。

作者

范红丽

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替代效应还是收入效应?

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