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Chapter 1 Introduction

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唐萌萌 1983 年出生于山东省东营市。2005 年本科毕业于中国石油大学(华东)英语系,2007 年硕士毕业于中国石油大学(华东)英语语言文学系,后留校任教。2014 年被遴选为国家留学基金委“国际区域问题与外语高级人才”,赴英国约克大学攻读博士,2018 年获得应用语言学博士学位。现为中国石油大学(北京)外国语学院教师,硕士生导师,国际期刊International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching,Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching 审稿人。长期从事应用语言学与认知神经语言学领域的教学和科研工作,先后主持教育部人文社科基金等省部级及校级项目五项。在Neuroscience Letters, International Journal of Bilingualism 等国内外期刊发表论文数十篇,出版著作五部。

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Chapter 1 Introduction

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Chapter 1 Introduction

A multi-verb construction(MVC)involves a series of verbs appearing in a sentence,without pauses or conjunctions:the construction is a prosodically-independent unit,with each verb representing an action,an event phase or a state(e.g.,the boss encourages Jerry to attend the meeting). English multi-verb constructions contain a finite verb which inflects with tense,combined with non-finite forms,which are either to-infinitives(to attend),gerunds(verb root plus -ing)or participles(verb root plus -ed). As non-finite verbs,they are neither inflected for grammatical tense nor undergo subject-verb agreement. Since Chinese has neither grammatical tense nor inflection,multiple verbs in comparable constructions take the form of bare verbs. In certain types of Chinese MVCs,such as verbs as subject or object(e.g.,chōuyān wēihài shēntǐ jiànkāng,“smoke harm body health”,smoking harms people’s health),the series of bare verbs can be differentiated by a lexical cue. Specifically,matrix verbs can be identified because only they allow certain aspectual markers(e.g.,adverb:yǐ-jīng,“already”;morpheme:le,the perfective marker). In certain types of Chinese MVCs(e.g.,wǒ huí jiā chīfàn,“I go home have dinner”,I go home to/ and have dinner),the two verbs are regarded as a compound predicate which refers to two verbs in one temporal category,with fixed order and no conjunctions(Tao,2009),a language phenomenon without a counterpart in English.

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