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Chapter 8 Conclusion

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唐萌萌 1983 年出生于山东省东营市。2005 年本科毕业于中国石油大学(华东)英语系,2007 年硕士毕业于中国石油大学(华东)英语语言文学系,后留校任教。2014 年被遴选为国家留学基金委“国际区域问题与外语高级人才”,赴英国约克大学攻读博士,2018 年获得应用语言学博士学位。现为中国石油大学(北京)外国语学院教师,硕士生导师,国际期刊International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching,Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching 审稿人。长期从事应用语言学与认知神经语言学领域的教学和科研工作,先后主持教育部人文社科基金等省部级及校级项目五项。在Neuroscience Letters, International Journal of Bilingualism 等国内外期刊发表论文数十篇,出版著作五部。

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Chapter 8 Conclusion

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Chapter 8 Conclusion

The present thesis investigated Chinese-English learners’ production,explicit knowledge and online processing of multi-verb constructions in the L2. The aim was to explore the learnability problems that may arise because of differences in morphological finiteness in English and semantic finiteness in Chinese,in other words,how the cross-linguistic differences in the finite and non-finite distinctions in these two languages may influence the learners’ production and their explicit and implicit knowledge.

As noted in Chapter One,the study of MVCs is important as the verb is the core of a sentence and multi-verbs are the reflection of some related events from the real world. Nikolaeva(2007)stressed that finiteness is the central element in theorizing about morpho-syntax. MVCs are typologically different and reflect a series of linguistic features.

In Chapter Two,finite and non-finite distinctions and MVCs in English and Chinese were introduced. English MVCs contain an inflectionally-marked finite verb combined with uninflected non-finite forms,While Chinese MVCs contain two or more verb phrases or clauses,without any marker indicating what the relationship is between them. Given the differences at the morphological level between English and Chinese MVCs,a more abstract category of finite and non-finite distinction arises. Klein(1998,2006,2009)proposed the theory of semantic finiteness,and claimed that finiteness comprises assertion(AST)and topic time(TT). He argued that Chinese does not have tense,but the finiteness function can be expressed by aspect. According to this criterion,verbal subject and verbal object are classified as non-finite,while both verbs in pivotal and serial-event sentences may convey aspectual information as a compound predicate.

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