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经济学原理(含习题集) 专著;经济管理类 VIP

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[澳]杨小凯 史鹤凌   社会科学文献出版社  2019-07 出版
ISBN:978-7-5097-6059-8
关键词: 经济学

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本书是经济学家杨小凯教授的一本经济学领域的著作,是马歇尔经济学原理教科书以来的第三代经济学原理教科书。这本书的主要特点是以分工为主线利用超边际方法对经济行为和现象进行分析。它与传统的经济学原理教材不同,是基于超边际分析方法,既研究资源的最优配置,又研究最优的经济组织结构。全书是基于一个统一的新兴古典框架对各种经济行为和现象进行严格的数学模型分析,并在严格的数学推导的同时,用通俗的语言和现实的例子讲述模型背后的故事。
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  • 再版说明
  • 导论
    1. 0.1 什么是经济学
    2. 0.2 经济学的分析框架
    3. 0.3 新古典经济学和新兴古典经济学
    4. 0.4 使用此书的方法
    5. 0.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第1章 偏好和效用
    1. 1.1 经济学的科学方法
    2. 1.2 消费偏好
    3. 1.3 效用函数
    4. 1.4 预算约束和对多样化消费的偏好
    5. 1.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第2章 专业化经济和分工经济
    1. 2.1 新古典经济分析框架和新兴古典经济分析框架
    2. 2.2 专业化经济
    3. 2.3 分工经济
    4. 2.4 内生和外生比较利益及生产集合概念
    5. 2.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第3章 选择专业方向和专业化程度及分配资源
    1. 3.1 市场竞争与瓦尔拉斯价格机制
    2. 3.2 每个消费者的自利行为
    3. 3.3 需求和供给的超边际分析
    4. 3.4 供给律
    5. 3.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第4章 市场是如何协调分工的
    1. 4.1 “看不见的手”是如何利用分工的网络效应的
    2. 4.2 市场总需求及两个角点均衡
    3. 4.3 全部均衡及其比较静态分析
    4. 4.4 对自由进入的限制和价格控制
    5. 4.5 “看不见的手”的效率
    6. 4.6 概念和内容复习
  • 第5章 劳动市场和企业制度
    1. 5.1 什么是企业
    2. 5.2 模型背后的故事
    3. 5.3 迂回生产效果(Economices of Roundaboutness)和企业的出现
    4. 5.4 事前与事后生产函数的差别及专业化经济和分工经济的关系
    5. 5.5 企业经济和科斯定理
    6. 5.6 概念和内容复习
  • 第6章 讨价还价定价模型
    1. 6.1 议价过程、对策行为、机会主义行为和内生交易费用
    2. 6.2 纳什议价模型
    3. 6.3 信息不对称造成的内生交易费用
    4. 6.4 动态议价过程
    5. 6.5 动态议价对分工的影响
    6. 6.6 争取从分工得到比别人多的好处的竞争如何产生内生交易费用
    7. 6.7 人们如何用重复对策中的信誉来消除内生交易费用
    8. 6.8 为什么市场可减少内生交易费用
    9. 6.9 有信息不对称的动态对策
    10. 6.10 动态议价过程中的内生交易费用
    11. 6.11 “看不见的手”促进信息不对称和利用它产生的分工经济的功能
    12. 6.12 概念和内容复习
  • 第7章 内生交易费用、合约理论和产权经济学
    1. 7.1 各种内生交易费用模型
    2. 7.2 委托-代理人关系产生的内生交易费用
    3. 7.3 风险厌恶及委托-代理人模型
    4. 7.4 最优所有权结构理论
    5. 7.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第8章 国内贸易如何发展到国际贸易
    1. 8.1 内生比较利益与内生贸易理论
    2. 8.2 一个新兴古典贸易模型
    3. 8.3 最优专业化水平如何确定供求函数
    4. 8.4 最优决策的新兴古典比较静态分析
    5. 8.5 市场上自利行为的交互作用如何确定全社会的分工水平
    6. 8.6 全部均衡的新兴古典比较静态分析
    7. 8.7 内生国际贸易理论
    8. 8.8 概念和内容复习
  • 第9章 专业商人的出现和贸易结构的意义
    1. 9.1 为什么专业商人能赚钱,生意成功的因素是什么?
    2. 9.2 非对称模型及内生交易效率
    3. 9.3 “看不见的手”如何协调分工和利用分工的网络效应
    4. 9.4 贸易结构
    5. 9.5 均衡的分工网络规模
    6. 9.6 概念和内容复习
  • 第10章 传统的贸易模型
    1. 10.1 李嘉图贸易模型、规模报酬不变的新古典贸易模型、有规模经济的新古典贸易模型及新兴古典贸易模型之间的差别
    2. 10.2 李嘉图的外生比较利益模型
    3. 10.3 含不变规模报酬生产条件的新古典贸易模型
    4. 10.4 有规模经济的新古典贸易模型(迪克西特-斯蒂格利茨模型)
    5. 10.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第11章 劳动分工与新产品的出现
    1. 11.1 同时内生产品种类数和分工水平的方法
    2. 11.2 劳动分工与产品种类数的同时发展
    3. 11.3 用规模经济和多样化消费之间的两难冲突内生产品种类数的新古典均衡模型
    4. 11.4 概念和内容复习
  • 第12章 劳动分工、城市化与城乡差别
    1. 12.1 为什么城市会出现
    2. 12.2 城市和城乡差别的出现
    3. 12.3 为什么所有交易集中在一个地方进行可以改进交易效率
    4. 12.4 概念和内容复习
  • 第13章 休闲和劳动供给,资源约束和人口规模对分工的影响
    1. 13.1 休闲与工作的两难冲突
    2. 13.2 为什么休闲和人均商品消费量随分工发展而同时增加
    3. 13.3 能源危机或资源短缺造成的危机为什么能促进分工和生产率的发展
    4. 13.4 高人口密度通过减少人均基础设施费用促进分工发展的作用
    5. 13.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第14章 产权经济学与分工理论
    1. 14.1 交易中的不确定性与产权经济学
    2. 14.2 分工的好处、协调的可靠性和同行竞争的好处难以兼顾的冲突
    3. 14.3 精确界定产权与同行竞争之间的替代性
    4. 14.4 概念和内容复习
  • 第15章 保险业与分工
    1. 15.1 不确定性、风险厌恶及期望效用
    2. 15.2 一个没有“道德风险”的保险和内生分工的模型
    3. 15.3 完全保险和“铁饭碗”产生的内生交易费用
    4. 15.4 局部保险促进分工和减少内生交易费用的作用
    5. 15.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第16章 新机器及相关的新技术如何随劳动分工演进而出现
    1. 16.1 内生中间产品种类数的方法
    2. 16.2 内生中间产品数和技术进步的模型
    3. 16.3 九个结构中的角点均衡
    4. 16.4 新机器在什么条件下会随分工演进而出现
    5. 16.5 事后生产函数的变化和新技术的出现
    6. 16.6 概念和内容复习
  • 第17章 工业化和分工的演进
    1. 17.1 工业化的特点
    2. 17.2 内生生产迂回程度的模型
    3. 17.3 角点均衡和新产业的出现
    4. 17.4 全部均衡和工业化过程
    5. 17.5 工农业收入比重的变化,转型期的二元结构
    6. 17.6 企业制度随分工发展而加速复杂化
    7. 17.7 概念和内容复习
  • 第18章 传统的经济增长模型
    1. 18.1 传统增长模型与新兴古典增长模型的差别
    2. 18.2 拉姆齐经济增长模型
    3. 18.3 产品种类数自发演进的内生经济增长模型
    4. 18.4 概念和内容复习
  • 第19章 劳动分工的内生演进和内生经济增长
    1. 19.1 分工内生演进和外生演进的差别
    2. 19.2 劳动分工与内生比较优势的动态演进
    3. 19.3 最优人力资本积累速度
    4. 19.4 经济起飞和大推进工业化
    5. 19.5 不同经济增长模式
    6. 19.6 经济发展与结构变化
    7. 19.7 概念和内容复习
  • 第20章 投资、储蓄和资本理论
    1. 20.1 新古典储蓄模型
    2. 20.2 新兴古典资本理论
    3. 20.3 新兴古典投资模型
    4. 20.4 决策模式序列与市场结构序列
    5. 20.5 投资和借贷决策
    6. 20.6 投资与分工演进的关系
    7. 20.7 投资不一定会改进生产率
    8. 20.8 概念和内容复习
  • 第21章 组织试验,人类对组织的知识的演进及分工的自发演进
    1. 21.1 人类对组织的知识如何决定分工水平
    2. 21.2 一个内生迂回生产链条长度与分工水平的静态模型
    3. 21.3 动态决策与新信息不断增加的交互作用
    4. 21.4 瓦尔拉斯序贯均衡,组织信息和分工的同时演进
    5. 21.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第22章 交易的分层金字塔结构和分工的发展
    1. 22.1 分层金字塔组织理论
    2. 22.2 一个单向集权分层模型
    3. 22.3 分权的分层交易网络与分工
    4. 22.4 专业批发和零售商人可能出现的模型
    5. 22.5 可变分工水平与层次数
    6. 22.6 角点均衡、全部均衡及其比较静态分析
    7. 22.7 城市分层金字塔结构
    8. 22.8 最优城市结构层次数与分工水平
    9. 22.9 概念和内容复习
  • 第23章 货币的出现与分工演进的关系
    1. 23.1 新兴古典货币理论
    2. 23.2 模型的设定
    3. 23.3 可能的市场结构和角点均衡
    4. 23.4 全部均衡和货币的出现
    5. 23.5 概念和内容复习
  • 第24章 新兴古典景气循环和失业理论
    1. 24.1 重新思考宏观经济学
    2. 24.2 景气循环、失业、长期经济增长与耐用商品生产中分工的关系
    3. 24.3 同时内生长期经济增长,长期有效率的规律性景气循环,周期性失业和生产耐用商品中的分工水平
    4. 24.4 全部均衡的景气循环及失业结构
    5. 24.5 与其他景气循环和失业模型的比较
    6. 24.6 中国的改革周期和景气周期
    7. 24.7 概念和内容复习
  • 第25章 经验性实证研究
    1. 25.1 纯理论研究、应用理论研究、经验性研究和应用研究之间的关系
    2. 25.2 以新兴古典经济学为基础用中国数据做的一个经验研究
    3. 25.3 量度分工程度
    4. 25.4 量化界定产权效率
    5. 25.5 主要计量经济学结果
    6. 25.6 如何利用经验研究的结果做政策分析及商业分析
    7. 25.7 概念和内容复习
  • 中英文对照
  • 附录:习题集
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